Empress Elisabeth of Austria - Wikipedia. Elisabeth in Bavariaand Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Galicia, Lodomeria and Illyria; Queen of Jerusalem etc. Archduchess of Austria; Grand Duchess of Tuscany and of Cracow; Duchess of Lorraine, of Salzburg, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola and the Bukovina; Grand Princess of Transsylvania, Margravine of Moravia. Duchess of Upper and Lower Silesia, of Modena, Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla, of Auschwitz and Zator, of Teschen, Friuli, Ragusa and Zara; Princely Countess of Habsburg and Tyrol, of Kyburg, Gorizia and Gradisca; Princess of Trent and Brixen; Margravine of Upper and Lower Lusatia and in Istria; Countess of Hohenems, Feldkirch, Bregenz, Sonnenberg etc.; Lady of Trieste, of Cattaro and on the Windic March. Tenure. 24 April 1. September 1. 89. 8Coronation.
June 1. 86. 7, Budapest. Queen of Lombardy–Venetia. Tenure. 24 April 1. October 1. 86. 6Born(1. December 1. 83. 7Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria (now part of Germany)Died. September 1. 89. 8(1.
Geneva, Switzerland (assassinated)Burial. September 1. 89. 8Imperial Crypt, Vienna. Spouse. Franz Joseph I of Austria. Issue. Full name. Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie. House. Wittelsbach.
Father. Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria. Mother. Princess Ludovika of Bavaria. Religion. Roman Catholicism. Duchess. Elisabeth in Bavaria (2. December 1. 83. 7 – 1. September 1. 89. 8) was the wife of Emperor Franz Joseph I, and thus Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary, and many others (see Grand title of the Empress of Austria). Born into the royal Bavarian house of Wittelsbach, Elisabeth (also called .
The marriage thrust her into the much more formal Habsburg court life, for which she was ill- prepared and which she found uncongenial. Early in the marriage she was at odds with her mother- in- law, Archduchess Sophie, who took over the rearing of Elisabeth's daughters, one of whom, Sophie, died in infancy. The birth of a male heir, Rudolf, improved her standing at court considerably, but her health suffered under the strain, and she would often visit Hungary for its more relaxed environment. She came to develop a deep kinship with Hungary, and helped to bring about the dual monarchy of Austria–Hungary in 1. The death of her only son Rudolf, and his mistress Mary Vetsera, in a murder–suicide tragedy at his hunting lodge at Mayerling in 1. Elisabeth never recovered.
She withdrew from court duties and travelled widely, unaccompanied by her family. She was obsessively concerned with maintaining her youthful figure and beauty, which was already legendary during her life. While travelling in Geneva in 1. Italian anarchist named Luigi Lucheni. Elisabeth was the longest serving Empress of Austria, at 4. Biography. Maximilian was considered to be rather peculiar; he had a childish love of circuses and traveled the Bavarian countryside to escape his duties.
The family home was at Possenhofen Castle, far from the protocols of court. Although the couple had never met, Franz Joseph's obedience was taken for granted by the archduchess, who was once described as . Fifteen- year- old Sisi accompanied her mother and sister and they traveled from Munich in several coaches. They arrived late as the Duchess, prone to migraine, had to interrupt the journey; the coach with their gala dresses never did arrive.
The family was still in mourning over the death of an aunt so they were dressed in black and unable to change to more suitable clothing before meeting the young Emperor. While black did not suit eighteen- year- old Helene's dark coloring, it made her younger sister's blonder looks more striking by contrast. He did not propose to Helene, but defied his mother and informed her that if he could not have Elisabeth, he would not marry at all. Five days later their betrothal was officially announced. The couple were married eight months later in Vienna at the Augustinerkirche on 2. April 1. 85. 4. The marriage was finally consummated three days later, and Elisabeth received a dower equal to today's 2. USD. Within a few weeks, Elisabeth started to display health problems: she had fits of coughing and became anxious and frightened whenever she had to descend a narrow steep staircase.
Sissi is a 1955 Austrian film directed by Ernst Marischka and starring Romy Schneider, Karlheinz Böhm, Magda Schneider, Uta Franz, Gustav Knuth, Vilma Degischer and.
The elder Archduchess Sophie, who often referred to Elisabeth as a . When a second daughter, Archduchess Gisela of Austria (1. Archduchess took the baby away from Elisabeth as well. One day she found a pamphlet on her desk with the following words underlined..
The natural destiny of a Queen is to give an heir to the throne. If the Queen is so fortunate as to provide the State with a Crown- Prince this should be the end of her ambition – she should by no means meddle with the government of an Empire, the care of which is not a task for women.. If the Queen bears no sons, she is merely a foreigner in the State, and a very dangerous foreigner, too. For as she can never hope to be looked on kindly here, and must always expect to be sent back whence she came, so will she always seek to win the King by other than natural means; she will struggle for position and power by intrigue and the sowing of discord, to the mischief of the King, the nation, and the Empire..
With Romy Schneider, Karlheinz Böhm, Magda Schneider, Uta Franz. In the first of a trilogy of movies about Elisabeth "Sissi" of Austria, the young vibrant princess. Watch breaking news videos, viral videos and original video clips on CNN.com. Sissi et Franz sont à présent mariés mais la jeune impératrice a bien du mal avec le protocole écrasant de la cour de Vienne et vit assez mal le fait.
When she traveled to Italy with him she persuaded him to show mercy toward political prisoners. In 1. 85. 7 Elisabeth visited Hungary for the first time with her husband and two daughters, and it left a deep and lasting impression upon her, probably because in Hungary she found a welcome respite from the constraints of Austrian court life. She felt her innermost soul reach out in sympathy to the proud, steadfast people of this land.. While Gisela recovered quickly, two- year- old Sophie grew steadily weaker, then died. It is generally assumed today that she died of typhus. She turned away from her living daughter, began neglecting her, and their relationship never recovered. In December 1. 85.
Elisabeth became pregnant for the third time in as many years, and her mother, who had been concerned about her daughter's physical and mental health, hoped that this new pregnancy would help her recover. Even after four pregnancies she maintained her weight at approximately 5. She achieved this through fasting and exercise.
Elisabeth was strongly attached to her parents, especially to her mother, and was still a child in search of an identity of her own when an adult role with unusual obligations and restrictions was imposed upon her. She had no control in her new life and was unable to identify herself as both the spouse of the emperor and a young mother. As a result, she attempted to recreate her childhood with its lack of obligations. The only quality for which she felt herself appreciated, and over which she had control, was her physical appearance, so she started cultivating this as the primary source of her self- esteem. Obsessively achievement- oriented and almost compulsively perfectionistic in her attitudes, she became a slave to her own beauty and image. Whereas she previously had supper with the family, she now began to avoid this; and if she did eat with them, she ate quickly and very little.
Whenever her weight threatened to exceed fifty kilos, a . Meat itself often filled her with disgust, so she either had the juice of half- raw beefsteaks squeezed into a thin soup, or else adhered to a diet of milk and eggs. During the peak period of 1. Franz- Joseph's political and military defeats in Italy, her sexual withdrawal from her husband after three pregnancies in rapid succession, and her losing battle with her mother- in- law for dominance in rearing her children, she reduced her waist to 1. Corsets of the time were split- busk types, fastening up the front with hooks and eyes, but Elisabeth had more rigid, solid- front ones made in Paris out of leather, . She disliked both expensive accoutrements and the protocol that dictated constant changes of clothing, preferring simple, monochromatic riding habit- like attire.
Cinéman est un film réalisé par Yann Moix avec Franck Dubosc, Lucy Gordon. Synopsis : Professeur de mathématiques, Régis Deloux a un jour le pouvoir de voyager.
Every castle she lived in was equipped with a gymnasium, the Knights' Hall of the Hofburg was converted into one, mats and balance beams were installed in her bedchamber so that she could practise on them each morning, and the imperial villa at Ischl was fitted with gigantic mirrors so that she could correct every movement and position. She took up fencing in her 5. A fervent horsewoman, she rode every day for hours on end, becoming probably the world's best, as well as best- known, female equestrian at the time.
When, due to sciatica, she could no longer endure long hours in the saddle, she substituted walking, subjecting her attendants to interminable marches and hiking tours in all weather. She regularly took steam baths to prevent weight gain; by 1. There were some aberrations in Elisabeth's diet that appear to be signs of binge eating.
She may have satisfied her urge to binge in secret on other occasions; in 1. English country house and had a spiral staircase built from her living room into the kitchen, so that she could reach it in private.
Daily care of her abundant and extremely long hair, which in time turned from the dark blonde of her youth to chestnut brunette, took at least three hours. Her hairdresser, Franziska Feifalik, was originally a stage hairdresser at the Wiener Burgtheater. Responsible for all of Elisabeth's ornate hairstyles, she always accompanied her on her wanderings. Feifalik was forbidden to wear rings and required to wear white gloves; after hours of dressing, braiding, and pinning up the Empress' tresses, the hairs that fell out had to be presented in a silver bowl to her reproachful empress for inspection. When her hair was washed with special . Before her son's death, she tasked Feifalik with tweezing gray hairs away. Her Greek tutor, Constantin Christomanos, described the ritual: Hairdressing takes almost two hours, she said, and while my hair is busy, my mind stays idle.
I am afraid that my mind escapes through the hair and onto the fingers of my hairdresser. Hence my headache afterwards.
Ludwig è un film del 1973 diretto da Luchino Visconti sulla vita di Ludovico II di Baviera. Interpretato da Helmut Berger, Romy Schneider, Trevor Howard e Silvana. Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria (24 December 1837 – 10 September 1898) was the wife of Emperor Franz Joseph I, and thus Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary, and.
Sissi (1. 95. 5) - IMDb. Edit. The young Emperor Franz Joseph is on his way to his summer residence at Ischl, where his birthday will be celebrated with a big party. His mother, Archduchess Sophie, has decided that he shall marry her niece Princess Helene of Bayern, and that the engagement shall be proclaimed at the ball. Franz Joseph doesn't know Helene yet, but his mother has already prepared everything. To avoid suspicions of what is going on, her sister, Duchess Ludovika of Bavaria, brings not only Princess Helene, called N.
Archduchess Sophie is particular about strict etiquette at the court, and dislikes her niece Sissi, who is a free spirit, just as her father, Duke Max of Bavaria. To keep Sissi inactive, her room in Ischl is locked from outside, but Sissi escapes through a window. She goes to the wood, and when she is fishing in a river, the Emperor Franz Joseph passes by in his royal carriage. He is immediately enamored by ..